Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications (SESAME) is a 3rd generation light source currently being constructed in Allan, Jordan. SESAME will be the first major International research Centre in the Middle East. It is a $100 (£75m) million project. The aim of the project is to support the technology and scientific excellence in the Middle East countries. This cooperation in science will build cultural and scientific bridges between diverse societies promoting peace.
The members of SESAME project are Pakistan, Iran, Israel, Cyprus, Turkey, Egypt, Cyprus, Jordan, Palestinian Authority and Bahrain. Pakistan and Iran don’t recognize Israel, yet they all are a part of this project. Iran is a part of the project even though two of its scientists, Majid Shahriari, a nuclear scientist, and Masoud Alimohammadi, a quantum physicist (who were a part of this project) were assassinated because of Israel Mossad accusations.
Talking to the Guardian, the scientific director of Sesame, Giorgio Paolucci has said:
We’re cooperating very well together, That’s the dream.
He also said:
I don’t know how many places there are where all these governments have representatives who have the opportunity to come and talk to each other
Accelerator’s advancement work is discussed and decided through meetings of government officials who discuss all the technicalities and come to agreements, unaffected by the hatred they might have outside the meeting rooms.
SESAME is a synchrotron. It is a large device that increases the speed of electrons around a circular tube. It is guided by magnets and various equipment, near to the speed of light. This process generates radiation which is filtered. It is then allowed to flow down to elongated pipes in which instruments have been kept, to gather the radiation and perform experiments.
According to the Guardian, SESAME diameter is 130 meters, which is smaller than the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland. The Large Hadron Collider at CERN detected Higgs boson last year which is also known as the “God particle” in the mass region. This elementary particle gives protons, electrons and other subatomic particles their mass, holding the universe.
The project can house around 20 beamlines. The scientists at SESAME plan to open the new synchrotron with three main beamlines. The X-ray beam will be the first beamline, which will be used to analyze air particles and soil samples, detecting impurities in the environment.
The second beamline will be an infrared, which will help in studying tissues and living cells. The SESAME Centre will focus on the growth of breast cancer cells, with the hope of opening ways for its early detection.
The last beamline, which is currently being built, will be used in protein crystallography. It will allow the scientists to study the structure of viruses in depth.
Giorgio Paolucci also hopes to include imaging beamline. It will allow the scientists and researchers in studying archaeological objects more precisely, photographing things like a fly’s muscular movements.
Giorgio Paolucci further said that:
There are so many applications that actually we are somehow limited by our fantasy. You can study almost anything. Here we can study everything from isolated atoms to human beings and everything which is in between these two extremes is allowed.
It’s really amazing the things you can do.