The world heritage sites in Pakistan are actually the naturally and culturally important places which are considered to have some extra ordinary value all over the world. Pakistan is one of the countries to have world heritage sites which are recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The world heritage sites in Pakistan are thousands of years old and have a great history so they must be properly maintained and protected in order to keep them in good shape.
So far we have around six places which are included in the list of world heritage sites in Pakistan. These places carry great importance because of their deep historical and cultural values. Other than these 6 sites there are also some other sites which are on the tentative list. The tentative list is of all those sites that are not yet become the world heritage sites but their inscription on that list is under consideration by UNESCO and Pakistani government.
World heritage sites in Pakistan
Let’s have a look at the world heritage sites in Pakistan in order to know about the great history and culture of our country.
1. Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro
The Archaeological Ruins of Moenjodaro are a metropolis of the Indus Civilization. Its history goes back to around 2500BC. It consists of unbaked bricks. The ruins show a very early system of town planning. It is one of the very old world heritage sites in Pakistan but due to lack of care, the place is getting destructed because of moisture infiltration and salt action inside the walls. Pakistani government and UNESCO are working to preserve these historical ruins.
2. Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighboring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol
Takht-i-Bahi is the Buddhists ruin, which is also considered to be one of the heritage sites in Pakistan. It is located in Mardan, KPK. It was founded around the 1st century A.D. It consists of hilltops of various heights. These ruins are included in the most prominent relics of Buddhism in Pakistan.
3. Fort and Shalimar Gardens in Lahore
The Fort and Shalimar Gardens are the true reflection of Mughal civilization in Lahore. It was built around 17th century and are now included in the world heritage sites list. The fort is built up of marble palaces and the beauty of gardens is priceless due to the magnificent ponds and waterfalls.
4. Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta
The Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta are Spread across 10 kilometers and consists huge number of tombs. It is one of the largest Muslim necropolises in the world. Its history goes back to 14th century. The remnants of the city show a very unique view of early civilization of Sindh. A lot of queens, kings and saints of earlier times are buried here.
5. Rohtas Fort, Jhelum
This fort was built by Sher Shah Suri in 1541. It is spread around 16 kilometers in Jhelum, Pakistan. This fort is a very good example of the Muslim military architecture in the Asian region and included in the world heritage sites in Pakistan. The Rohtas fort consists of massive walls and monumental gates which give a sneak peak of history. It is highly recognized as on of the oldest Forts in Pakistan.
Taxila is a very complex archaeological site situated in the Rawalpindi district. Taxila was developed during the periods of Ashokan and Harrapan. It is thought to be one of the most important archaeological sites in whole Asia. The historical ruins of this site show the urban evolution of Indian subcontinent.
7. Port of Banbhore
The Port of Banbhore was built around the 1st century BC. Its history goes back to the Scytho-Parthian era, which was later overcame by the Muslims. This place was abandoned after the 13th century and is still preserved up till now. This site is included in the tentative list of world heritage site and is under consideration to be one quite soon.
8. Archaeological Site of Ranigat
The remains of archaeological site of Ranigat are considered to be one of the largest Buddhist monastic complexes in Pakistan and is included in the tentative list of heritage sites in Pakistan. The site contains certain shrines, network of drainage, stupas and other buildings. This site has its roots from the Gandhara civilization and is around 2500 years old but its structure is still preserved.
9. Hiran Minar, Sheikhupura
The Hiran Minar is situated in the region of Sheikhupura, Pakistan. It was built by Mughal Emperor Jahangir and this site is also on the tentative list yet.
10. Chaukhandi Tombs, Karachi
The Chaukhandi tombs are located in Karachi. This is actually a very old Islamic cemetery and has detailed work of stone carvings. This site is considered to be the family graveyard of Jokhio tribe, although a lot of tribes are also buried here. These tombs were built by Mughal rulers and are on the tentative list of world heritage sites in Pakistan.